A step-by-step guide on how to write an ideal medical thesis

What do you need to write a medical thesis?

Of course, a knowledge about how to conduct a research and how to pen down its results in an appropriate format.  Even if you are adept in clinical research, it doesn’t mean writing a thesis comes easily to you. A medical thesis has a structure that is important to follow.

So, here we provide a step-by-step guide on how to write an ideal medical thesis.

Step 1: Start your thesis with a suitable ‘Title’. The title is an intro to the contents of your thesis. An ideal title should be within 65 characters, devoid of all abbreviations and grammatical mistakes, and not contain stop words like ‘a’, ‘an’, ‘the’, ‘of’, ‘but’, etc.

Step 2: Next, write your thesis ‘Abstract’. An abstract is an introduction that tells the readers why you conducted the particular study.  What has already been done in the field, what were the gaps, and how you fill those gaps with your study?

To write an ideal abstract:

  • Give a brief background information about your topic
  • State the importance of the problem and what is unknown about it
  • Tell the readers about the objectives of your study clearly
  • Give references to the research papers written on your research topic. However, do not cite the well-known facts. For example, “Isaac Newton discovered gravity…”
  • Include no information other than the problem being examined

Step 3: After the abstract, follow it with the title ‘Method and Material’. Format this section as below:

  • Setting – the environmental conditions in which you conducted your research
  • Sample – what materials were used in research and details about the participants in the study
  • Inclusion and exclusion criteria – what factors were considered to include or exclude any participant in the study
  • Measurement tools – details about the methods and equipment used to measure the outcomes of the study
  • Independent and Dependent variables – what were the factors you controlled or changed during the experiment and what you measured as the outcome

Step 4: Write the “Analysis of Data“.

Step 6: Write the ‘Results’ where you will show the conclusion of your study.  You can present your results as a text, table, figure, or illustrative graphs, but keep in mind the aim of your study. Include no result that doesn’t satisfy the aim of your study.

Step 7: It is the most crucial step where you include the ‘Discussion’ of your results. An ideal discussion should include:

  • The principal findings of your study
  • Strengths and weaknesses of your study in relation to other studies in the field
  • A take-home message for the clinicians and policymakers
  • Questions that your study can’t answer to propagate further research

Step 8: Follow the discussion with the ‘Limitations of your study’

Step 9: At the end of your thesis, include your ‘References’. Track all your references so you don’t miss out on anyone.

Finally, the quality of your thesis depends upon the topic you choose, whether you opt for a purely scientific experiment or a clinical trial or a social research study addressing the experiences of the patients, etc.

Seek help from your mentor at every stage of clinical research as well as medical thesis writing. To be ideal, the study should be carried out ethically in compliance with the legal regulations.


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