Phytochemicals or phytonutrients are the natural compounds found in plants that are powerfully beneficial to protect us from various diseases. But, the term “phytonutrients” and “vitamins” are commonly confused with each other. No doubt, both are derived from plants i.e. fruits and vegetables, but are entirely different from each other.
This piece highlights the difference between phytonutrients and vitamins.
Vitamins are found in a variety of food but phytonutrients are obtained
Researchers at the University of Helsinki have developed artificial intelligence software which can interpret EEG signals from the brain of a premature infant and evaluate its functional maturity.
One in ten live births is premature and approximately half of the patients are admitted to neonatal intensive care because of preterm birth. The later months of pregnancy witness a rapid brain development in the fetus. However, the health impediments associated with preterm birth can hinder brain de
Researchers at Okayama University have identified a link between circadian rhythm disturbance (human intrinsic day-night cycle) and brain dysfunction. A protein called Bmal1, known to play an important role in circadian rhythmicity has been shown to regulate the stability of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) as well.
The team of researchers led by Takeshi Takarada from Okayama University studied the function of Bmal1 protein in transgenic green-fluorescent-protein (GFP) mice. It was found that de
A new research in the American Heart Association's journal Circulation associates higher levels of thyroid hormone (free thyroxine, FT4) with irregular heartbeat or atrial fibrillation, even when the levels are within the normal range.
Nearly 2.7 to 6.1 million people in the United States suffer from atrial fibrillation and the number is estimated to reach 12.1 million by 2030. It occurs when the two upper chambers of the heart, called the atria, beat irregularly and faster than normal. The p
A research team at the University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health have found connections between the gut microbiome and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and Alzheimer's disease. The study follows from a research in 2016 that suggested the role of gut bacteria in protein accumulation characteristic of diseases like Alzheimer's, Diabetes and Huntington's disease.
The team compared the gut microbiome of 25 human subjects with Alzheimer's disease to 25 cognitively healthy h
Researchers from the University of North Carolina (UNC) have developed a patient-friendly option for treating diabetes, artificial beta cells that automatically release insulin into the bloodstream when glucose levels rise.
Nearly six million people in the United States use insulin as an injection or a mechanical pump for the treatment of diabetes. However, such treatments do not control blood glucose automatically and as efficiently as the normal insulin-secreting pancreatic cells.
The poultry products available at the grocery stores may be contaminated with bacteria that cause urinary tract infection (UTI) in people, a new study suggests. The study was presented by Dr Reina Yamaji, a postdoctoral research fellow at the University of California and the study co-author at an infectious disease conference in San Diego.
Yamaji and his team analyzed 200 samples of meat from the grocery stores in California, as well as 1000 urine samples from patients with UTIs for the prese
Researchers from Kumamoto University, Japan have found new ‘small intestine permeable peptides’ that can facilitate digestive tract absorption of biopharmaceutical products like insulin, antibodies, and nucleic acids. Biopharmaceuticals are medium and high molecular weight molecules that are not absorbed by the small intestine and are thus currently available only as injections.
This discovery will contribute greatly to the oral formulation of such drugs and reduce the physical and ment
A new FLIm-IVUS imaging catheter has been devised at Professor Laura Marcu's lab in the Department of Biomedical Engineering at UC Davis to provide a comprehensive insight into how the atherosclerotic plaques are formed in the coronary arteries.
Till now, angiography and intravascular ultrasound were used to determine the formation of plaques in the coronary arteries. However, angiography could not detect dangerous plaques that didn’t cause constriction in blood vessels and intravascular u
A new study has found that people who skip or eat very little amount in the breakfast could be doubling their risk of cardiovascular disease. Cardiovascular disease is often associated with the fat build-up in arteries or atherosclerosis and is the leading cause of death and disability in the UK.
It was found that people whose breakfast contained less than 5% of the recommended daily calorie intake had twice the number of atherosclerotic plaques as compared to those who ate a high-energy b