What is Google Scholar?
Google Scholar is an academic search engine. It is a subset of the normal google search. It provides academic results including research articles from reliable sources. It provides results from the thesis, peer-reviewed journals, books, university websites, academic repositories, and professional societies. Most search results are provided from reliable resources. However, users are advised to assess the credibility of the resources themselves. Once the query is raised in Google scholar, it provides the results in the rank of relevance. Google Scholar is a free academic search engine with various advantages and advanced options for customizing search.
What is the History of Google Scholar?
The advertising slogan of google scholar is “Stand on the shoulders of giants” which indicates the goal of google scholar. The goal of Google scholar is to provide efficient and relevant search results for the scientific user. The birth of Google scholar is because of the discussion between Alex Verstak and Anurag Acharya while working on Google’s web index. Google scholar was first released in 2004 and from then new features are continuously added in the search engine. In 2010, Google scholar alerts were introduced while citations were launched in 2011. In 2012, a new user interface was introduced along with the facility of getting results in various formats. Saving of search results in the “Google scholar library” for logged-in users was introduced in 2013. In 2018, Google scholar metrics were released for the year 2018.
How the Results are Customized in Google Scholar?
Google scholar allows the user to customize the search results. This can be done through subtle changes in the settings. The settings menu is found at the top left side of the Google Scholar search page. Setting are divided into various sections to allow the user to customize the results according to their need. These sections include:
Search Results: Through the search result options, the user may be able to set the number of search results per page, open each selected result in the new browser window, and can use links to import citations into BibTeX, EndNote, RefMan, and RefWorks through bibliography manager.
Languages: The search can be customized to obtain the results in the required languages. Presently, the search can be obtained in 13 different languages.
Library Links: If you have access to any of the library, you can submit the name of the library and get library access links to have the full text of articles.
Account: Account setting may allow you to sign out or to use your previous search activity to get the relevant results.
Button: Google scholar button is an extension that needs to be installed. Google Scholar button allows you to look for papers as you browse.
How to Use Google Scholar in the Best Way?
Google scholar search provides several search results for your query. To make your search efficient and to get the most relevant results, the following tips may be helpful:
Effective keywords: Avoid using long sentences as your search query. Instead, make a list of unique keywords related to your requirement to get the most relevant results.
Date preferences: You can customize your search by inserting a range of years. This helps you in retrieving the most recent articles.
Efficiently using the search options: Google scholar provides various search options and you should use them effectively to narrow down your search. You can also use quotes to concentrate your search.
Proper use of Boolean operators: Google scholar allows the use of Boolean operators to customize the search. You should know the use of various Boolean operators such as AND, NOT, and OR.
How Google Scholar more Effective than Normal Google Search?
Google scholar search provides more relevant academic search results as compared to normal google search. Unlike normal Google search, the Google scholar search avoids the general articles or articles from unreliable sources in the search result. Further, the format of the search string in Google scholar is quite similar to normal google search. This provides a more comfortable experience for the user.
What are the Important Features of Google Scholar?
Following are some of the important features of Google scholar:
Coverage: Google scholar is one of the most powerful academic search engine that crawls into almost all the free libraries and is supported by various reputed organizations such as American Chemical Society and Elsevier.
Links to contents: Google scholar also provides accessible links to the users for full text. It also allows the user to use this service with their credentials.
Citation alert and support: Google scholar provides citation support and alerts for those articles that are recently indexed by the search engine.
Searching within the articles: Google scholar also allows the user to search within the articles to retrieve a relevant article.
What is Advanced Google Search?
Advanced Google search is an important feature to narrow down the results of your search query. It is important to note that you should familiar with the advanced search options otherwise you might skip the relevant articles.
What are the Limitations of Google Scholar?
Following are some of the limitations of google scholar:
- The authenticity of articles to be judged by the user.
- Many of the articles provided by Google scholar are not free.
- The ranking of the article is not done by date but by relevancy.
- The quality of results depends upon the source from which Google Scholar extracts the information.
What are the Various Other Alternatives to Google Scholar?
There are various other alternatives to Google scholar. Microsoft academic, launched in 2015, is one of the strongest competitors of Google scholar. Other academic search engines include CiterSeerX, AMiner, CORE, BASE, and Semantic scholar.