Plagiarism, also known as literary theft, is the practice of using other’s work or ideas in your medical manuscript without giving them due credit and passing them off as your own in publication journals to gain recognition.
Though it’s not a new phenomenon in research, but with technology, it has become easier than ever to uncover the instances of plagiarism.
While analyzing a document, it’s important to determine whether plagiarism was intentional or unintentional. The degree and frequency of plagiarism must also be noted.
This requires a complete knowledge about the various types of plagiarism so that you can pinpoint such instances in your document, remove them, and prevent your manuscript from rejection.
So, here are the various types of plagiarism and how they occur:
1) Complete Plagiarism
Complete plagiarism is the most severe form of plagiarism. Here a researcher copies the entire manuscript of another researcher and submits it under his or her name. Even if he paraphrases the sentences in the document before submitting, it is a case of plagiarism.
2) Source-based Plagiarism
Citing the referral sources in your manuscript is necessary. But if you cite an incorrect source or one that does not exist, it’s misleading and plagiarism. Further, if you use a secondary source of data or information but only cite the primary source of information, it is an act of plagiarism.
Data fabrication and falsification also surmount plagiarism. Data fabrication is the act of making up of the data and research findings. Data falsification includes changing or omitting any data to give a false impression.
3) Direct Plagiarism
When an author copies the text of another author word-to-word without using quotation marks or attribution and passes it as his or her own, it is called direct plagiarism. Though similar to the complete plagiarism, direct plagiarism refers to the sections of the text rather than the whole. Such plagiarism is against the ethics of scientific writing and calls for a disciplinary action.
4) Self or Auto Plagiarism
When an author reuses significant text from his/her published work without attribution, it is known as self-plagiarism. This form of plagiarism involves published researchers rather than the University students.
Many journals have strict criteria on the percentage of the author’s work that can be reused. That’s why they use plagiarism detection software before sending the document for a review.
5) Paraphrasing plagiarism
The most common, it involves the use of other’s writing with some minor changes in the sentences and passing it as one’s own. Though the words differ, the idea originally belongs to someone else and if you steal it without attribution, it is an act of plagiarism.
6) Inaccurate Authorship
Inaccurate authorship can happen in two ways:
- When many authors contribute to a manuscript, but all do not get the credit for their work.
- A person who didn’t contribute to the work gets the credit of an author.
Whichever way, it’s a violation of the code of conduct in research and an act of plagiarism. Even when someone edits the manuscript and makes significant changes in it, his contribution should be acknowledged during publication.
7) Mosaic Plagiarism
When an author interposes someone else’s phrases or text within his own research, it becomes difficult to detect and is called mosaic plagiarism. It is always intentional and dishonest.
8) Accidental Plagiarism
Sometimes plagiarism may occur accidentally due to neglect, mistake, or unintentional paraphrasing.
So, keep these types of plagiarism in mind and avoid them while writing your own manuscript. If you have accidentally used someone else’s work, remove those plagiarized areas during medical manuscript editing. Because whether intentional or unintentional, plagiarism is always unacceptable and a punishable offence.
Reach our professional medical manuscript editing services to avoid plagiarism and manuscript rejection.